8 Ways to Prevent and Relieve Tooth Sensitivity

tooth sensitivity treatment

If you pass on hot or cold drinks because you know they’ll make your teeth hurt, it may be time to talk to your dentist about the possibility that you have sensitive teeth. Sometimes other things can aggravate them, too, like sweet and sour foods or even cold air.

Why does tooth sensitivity occur?

Tooth sensitivity occurs when the layer of a tooth underneath the enamel (called the dentin) or the layer covering the root (called cementum) is exposed along the gum line causing receding gums.

The dentin contains microscopic channels called tubules, which are pathways to the nerve. When dentinal tubules are exposed, due to receding gum tissue or enamel loss, nerves are more easily triggered by heat, cold, sweet or sour foods and cause sharp shooting pain in your teeth.

Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

Sensitive teeth can be caused by the following dental issues:

  • Worn tooth enamel from using a hard toothbrush and using a hard grip while brushing aggressively.
  • Tooth erosion due to highly acidic foods and beverages.
  • Tooth decay, worn leaky fillings and broken teeth that expose the dentin of your tooth.
  • Gum recession that leaves your root surface exposed.
  • Grinding your teeth at night.
  • Post dental treatment sensitivity – common, but temporary, especially with procedures such as crowns, fillings and tooth bleaching.

Treatment for Tooth Sensitivity

We at The Dental Specialists will evaluate your teeth thoroughly and assess your-grade of sensitivity.
Treatment may be as simple as fixing a cavity or replacing a worn filling. However, if your discomfort comes from gum loss exposing root surfaces, our periodontist may suggest a gum graft to protect the root surface and support of the tooth.

  • Desensitizing toothpaste: This contains compounds that help block transmission of sensation from the tooth surface to the nerve, and usually requires several applications before the sensitivity is reduced.
  • Laser treatments to fuse (close) the tunnels.
  • Fluoride gel:An in-office technique which strengthens tooth enamel and reduces the transmission of sensations.
  • A crown, inlay or bonding: These may be used to correct a flaw or decay that results in sensitivity.
  • Surgical gum graft: If gum tissue has been lost from the root, this will protect the root and reduce sensitivity.
  • Root canal: If sensitivity is severe and persistent and cannot be treated by other means, your dentist may recommend this treatment to eliminate the problem.

8 ways to relieve and prevent tooth sensitivity

  • Use a soft-bristled brush and brush with gentle strokes
  • Consider using desensitising paste
  • Cut down on acidic foods and soft drinks
  • Do not rush to brush after having citrus juices
  • Avoid grinding your teeth ( ask your dentist about mouth guard)
  • Take a break from teeth whitening a.k.a bleaching
  • Warm saline mouth rinses could relieve your sensitivity
  • See your dentist and talk about your sensitivity

How to Prevent Mouth Ulcers – Dr. Ruheena Explains

Mouth ulcers are a common and painful problem that most of us face. Dr.Ruheena, in this video, explains how to prevent mouth ulcers. The video is in Telugu.

Taking Care of Your Children’s Teeth – Dr. Sarika Explains

Taking care of your children’s teeth is a critical aspect of their health and well being and while as parents we try to do our best, we often miss out on small and simple stuff that can help make our little ones smile brighter. Here in this video, Dr.Sarika, one of the top pediatric dentist in Hyderabad shares her tips about common teeth problems that children and how to take care of them.

Invisalign: a solution of transparent braces

Patients undergoing orthodontic treatment in the current generation not only demands a beautiful smile at the end of the treatment but also are equally concerned with appearance during treatment. As there is an increasing demand for an alternative to conventional braces, clear aligners are the new age aesthetic orthodontic treatment. Invisalign is a virtually invisible treatment that uses an innovative approach to gently yet effectively straightens your teeth. Invisaligns are thin transparent removable plastic aligners formed with CAD-CAM laboratory techniques for moving teeth into the required position.

Find more on Invisalign treatment in Hyderabad, India.

How do traditional braces differ from Invisalign

Traditional braces are:

  1. Visible (unaesthetic)
  2. Food restrictions have to be followed
  3. Uncomfortable metal wires
  4. More difficulty in maintaining oral hygiene
  5. Requires extraction of premolars in some cases

Advantages of Invisalign over traditional braces

  1. Virtually invisible – gives confidence to patent to smile
  2. Maintain good oral hygiene as they are removable
  3. Comfortable – individually customized
  4. Ideal for retreatment/relapse cases
  5. Shorter dental appointments
  6. More precise treatment duration than braces
  7. Non-invasive appointments during recall visits
  8. Uses 3D computer modelling technology to create a customised treatment plan
  9. Can visualise the progressive movements and expected final results using 3D SOFTWARE

Limitations of Invisalign

  1. Personal motivation of the patient is required
  2. It should be worn 20-22 hours a day
  3. Devices should be removed during meals

Common teeth straightening issues that can be fixed with Invisalign aligners

Gapped Teeth
Gapped teeth occur when you have extra space with your jaw.

gap-in-teeth

Cross Bite
Cross bites occur when the upper and lower jaws are misaligned.

cross bite fixed with aligners

Deep Bite
A deep bite occurs when upper teeth overlap significantly with lower teeth.

deep bite with clear aligners

Open Bite
Open bites occur when upper and lower teeth do not overlap normally.

Open Bite treated with Invisalign

Crowned Teeth
Crowding occurs when there is no proper arch space in the jaws.

crowned teeth with invisalign treatment

Treatment Process for Clear Aligners / Invisalign

  1. Consultation with your dental provider to determine if Invisalign is suitable for you.
  2. Using Align technology’s proprietary software, your doctor creates a customized 3D treatment plan and explains you regarding pre and post-operative treatment result.
  3. Your aligners will be custom made and shipped to your dentist’s clinic
  4. Your series of custom made aligners will be given to you
  5. You need to visit the dentist for check-ups every 6-8 weeks
  6. Congratulations! you have finished your treatment. Maintain your newer, better smile with the use of retainers.

Frequently Asked Questions About Invisalign

What is the duration of treatment with Invisalign

The treatment can last between 28-48 weeks depending upon the type of the dentition and severity of the malocclusion. The aligners need to be changed every two weeks. The initial appointment involves the opinion of orthodontist followed by which, clinical pictures will be taken for treatment plan. In the next visit, impressions are taken to allow the construction of accurate cast, which can be scanned to produce a virtual 3D model. The 3D model can then be manipulated by the dentist and malocclusion is nearly treated using proprietary software. After which, within 3-4 weeks aligners will be ready for usage.

Is the time reduced when compared to conventional braces

Yes, braces are adjusted much less often compared to Invisalign. Hence the time is reduced compared to conventional braces. The patient is advised to wear the aligner for approximately 20 hours per day. Each set of aligner will shift the teeth around 0.25 to 0.3 mm.

What is Invisalign made of?

Invisalign clear aligners are made of a patented thermoplastic material called smart Track which is FDA approved. They are comfortable and easier to put on and take off. It is free of BPA, BPS, latex, gluten.

What is this Smart Track Material

Smart track material is a highly elastic orthodontic material, its elastic properties allow it to return more closely to programmed aligner shape. It is made of polyurethane resin and does not contain bisphenol – A, an industrial chemical better known as BPA.

How long do we need to wear Invisalign in a day

Invisalign aligners need to be worn between 20 -22 hours per day. They should remain in the mouth as much as possible for the treatment to be effective. Each aligner needs to be replaced approximately every two weeks. During your Invisalign treatment, each aligner slowly moves your teeth in to correct position as you wear them.

How does Invisalign help in maintaining  oral hygiene

Since Invisalign is removable in contrast to conventional braces oral hygiene can be maintained efficiently. Aligners need to be removed while eating or drinking.

What precautions are needed during treatment?

Eating or drinking should be strictly avoided with Invisalign. Eating sticky foods can pull and tug at the aligners, possibly breaking or damaging them, while drinking specific drinks can potentially stain aligners.

Is there a particular age range / best age for using Invisalign?

Invisalign can be started after the child attains complete dentition of permanent teeth which is around 12-14 years of age. While the skeletal and dental components are more conducive to straightening.

Does Invisalign give Lisp / difficulty in speech?

In some patients, it can cause lisp/speech defects which can alter pronunciation initially. Mild discomfort might be present initially after starting the treatment with a fresh set of aligners and gets better as we use them.

What if I stay out of the country?

The initial appointment with orthodontist will give an idea about the treatment plan. Then, the virtual 3D model can be constructed using the software. This is used to produce a series of clear aligners that steadily correct the malocclusion, which is shipped to your home address.

Are Lingual braces better than Invisalign?

Lingual Braces Invisalign
Similar Cost Similar Cost
Difficult to maintain oral hygiene Easy maintenance of oral hygiene
Fixed Removable
Discomfort with braces No discomfort
Prolonged treatment duration Reduced treatment duration