A wisdom tooth or third molar is the last tooth of the dental arch.It comes at the age of 17 to 28 years of age mostly.
It does not erupts continuously but rather it has the growth spurts. Normally there are four wisdom teeth one in each quadrants, but it is much possible to have any wisdom tooth missing. Impacted teeth effects other teeth in the when its erupting.Impacted wisdom teeth are classified by the direction and depth of impaction, the amount of available space for tooth eruption and the amount soft tissue or bone that covers them.
What Causes Wisdom Tooth Pain
- Pain in the tooth .The pain may be radiating to ear and head.
- Repeated infection of soft tissue covering the wisdom tooth.
- Tumors or cysts.
- If the wisdom tooth is impacted in the bone.
- Angulated or horizontal eruption of tooth.
- Damage to nearby teeth.
- Gum disease.
- Extensive tooth decay.
- Repeated cheek bite
Symptoms of Wisdom Tooth
- Redness of the tissue.
- Pus or infection along the tissue covering the wisdom tooth.
- Bad breath.
- Enlarged lymph nodes.
- Inability to open mouth.
Treatment of Wisdom Tooth
The wisdom tooth has to be removed necessarily if an individual is having any of the above signs and symptoms. If the eruption pattern is favourable but the tooth is impacted below the soft tissue it is treated by operculectomy. It could be mannual or by laser.The wisdom tooth is removed surgically under anaesthesia if the tooth is tilted or if there is any cyst or tumor or infection.