Many people have less than straight and quite imperfectly aligned teeth. The problems that can arise from this include greater risk of tooth decay, uneven forces on teeth, excessive pressure on the temporomandibular joint and embarrassment for cosmetic reasons. This is diagnosed by your dentist as maloccousion. A malocclusion is an incorrect relationship between the top and bottom teeth resulting in a misaligned bite. Over bites, under bites, open bites and cross bites are examples of it. Orthodontic braces are one way to correct crooked teeth and malocclusions.
Orthodontic braces consist of brackets and molar bands that are cemented to the teeth. An arch wire is then threaded through the brackets and applies forces on the teeth pushing them in the desired direction. Treatment times can vary from six months to a few years years depending on the severity and complexity of the misalignment.
Braces are usually made from stainless steel but are also available in other materials. Gold-plated braces are used when a person is allergic to nickel which is a component of stainless steel. Ceramic braces are the least visible braces because they are the closest to the color of the teeth. They are not as strong as steel however, so the treatment time may be longer. Lingual braces that are placed behind the teeth are another option although they can hinder tongue movement.
Hygiene is especially important when braces are worn. Regular brushing and flossing using a floss threader is a must. Cleaning around the brackets with a brush is also recommended. After braces are taken off, it is essential to have to wear a retainer for some time so the teeth don’t drift back toward their original position and will finally allow you to enjoy a beautiful smile for always.